Languages in Algeria

Algerian Arabic, along with Morocan and Tunisian Arabic is part of the Maghreb Arabic dialect continuum.

Most of the Algerian population speaks Arabic, this includes non-native speakers learning Arabic at school. The spoken variety of Arabic is quite different from MSA. It has a more simplified vowel system vocabulary that borrowed many words from Berber, Turkish, and French. It has also dropped the case endings of the written language.

Within Algerian Arabic itself, there are significant local variations; Jijel Arabic, is noteworthy for its large amount of Berber loanwords. Dialects along the north show an influence from Andalusi Arabic.

Saharan Arabic is spoken by the more conservative Bedouin dialects. The Sahrawi refugees at Tindouf speak Hassaniya Arabic.


Signs in the University of Tizi Ouzou in three languages:
Arabic, Berber, and French


Berber / Tamazight

Berber has been recognized as a "national language" by the constitutional amendment of 8 May 2002. Kabyle, the predominant Berber language, is taught and is partially co-official (with a few restrictions) in parts of Kabylie. In February 2016, the Algerian constitution passed a resolution that would make Berber an official language alongside Arabic.

BASIC TAMAZIGHT PHRASES

Do you speak English? - ⵜⵙⵙⴰⵡⴰⵍⴹ ⵜⴰⵏⴳⵍⵉⵣⵉⵜ?
Excuse me. (getting attention) - ⵙⵙⵓⵔⴼ-ⵉⵢⵉ
Fine, thank you. - ⵉⴳⵔⵔⵣ, ⵜⴰⵏⵎⵎⵉⵔⵜ
Good evening - ⵜⵉⵎⵏⵙⵉⵡⵉⵏ
Good morning - ⵜⵉⴼⴰⵡⵉⵏ
Good night. - ⵉⴹ ⴰⵎⴳⴳⴰⵣ
Goodbye (informal) - ⴰⵔ ⵜⵉⵎⵍⵉⵍⵉⵜ
Goodbye - ⴰⵔ ⵜⵓⴼⴰⵜ
Hello (informal) - ⴰⵣⵓⵍ
Help! - ⴰⴱⴱⵓⵀ!
How are you? - ⴰⵎⴽ ⵜⵍⵍⵉⴹ?
I can't speak Tamazight well. - ⵓⵔ ⵙⵙⴰⵡⴰⵍⵖ ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵜ
I don't understand. - ⵓⵔ ⴳⵣⵉⵖ
Look out! - ⵖⵓⵔⴽ!
My name is ______ - .ⵉⵙⵎ-ⵉⵏⵓ ______ .
Nice to meet you. - ⵜⴰⵎⵓⵙⵙⵏⵉ ⵏ ⵍⵅⵉⵔ.
No. - ⵓⵀⵓ
Please. - ⵜⵜⵅⵉⵍⴽ (m), ⵜⵜⵅⵉⵍⵎ (f)
Thank you. - ⵜⴰⵏⵎⵎⵉⵔⵜ.
What is your name? - ⵉⵙⵎ-ⵏⵏⴽ? (m)
What is your name? - ⵉⵙⵎ-ⵏⵏⵎ? (f)
Where is the toilet? - ⴰⵏⴷⴰⵜ ⵡⴱⴷⵓⵣ?
Yes. - ⵉⵀ
You're welcome. - ⵓⵍⴰⵛ ⴰⵖⵉⵍⵉⴼ