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Are you married?

¿Está Ud.
¿Estás
¿Está Irene

casado
soltero
divorciado
viudo

casada
soltera
divorciada
viuda
?

Painless Grammar

The verb estar is one of two verbs to translate 'to be'. It is considered an irregular verb in that the 'yo' form has an -oy ending, while the rest end in -á + personal ending in the present tense.

yo estoy - I am
tú estás - you are
él/ella está - he/she is
Ud. está - you are

nosotros estamos - we are
vosotros estáis - you guys are
ellos/ellas están - they are
Uds. están - you are

Estar is used in several ways, but in this lesson it's used to:

1. Indicate a resultant condition:
    Estoy casado. - I am married.
    Teresa está viuda. - Teresa is a widow.

2. To express a changeable state or condition:
    María está divorciada. - María is divorced.
    Roberto está soltero. - Robert is single.

 

Changing a noun from its masculine form to the feminine form is very easy. If it ends in -o, simply change it to -a:

    el abuelo - grandfather / la abuela - grandmother
    el chico - boy / la chica - girl
    el gato - male cat / la gata - female cat
    el perro - male dog / la perra - female dog

If the noun ends in a consonant, add -a to the end and change the article to the feminine form (usually for professions, titles, etc.):

    el doctor - la doctora - doctor
    el profesor - la profesora - teacher

 

In Spanish, asking a question is a little more flexible than in English, thus you can have several ways to ask the same question. For example, the following ask "Does María speak Spanish?"

    ¿María habla español?
    ¿Habla María español?
    ¿Habla español María?

Another method of forming questions is to add a tag question to the end of a statement.

    María habla español, ¿no? - Maria speaks Spanish, doesn’t she?
    In this case, a 'yes' or 'no' answer is expected.

    María habla español, ¿verdad? - Maria speaks Spanish, right?
    Here you're expecting someone to either agree or disagree with you.

 

Table of Contents

1. Getting to Know You

    » What is your name? (1)

    » What is your name? (2)

    » What is your nationality?

    » Where are you from?

    » Where do you live?

    » What is your address?

    » What do you do?

    » How old are you?

    » Are you married?

2. Describing People and Places


Dictionary

English - Spanish

Spanish - English


Speak Up! in Spanish course now online



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