Spanish Reference Library

How old are you?

¿Cuántos años tiene Ud.

Painless Grammar

Tener (to have) is a tricky verb. In the present tense, you drop the -er ending and the 'e' changes to 'ie' in all but the yo, nosotros, and vosotros forms:

(yo) tengo - I have(nosotros) tenemos - we have
(tú) tienes - you have(vosotros) tenéis - you all have
él/ella tiene - he/she hasellos/ellas tienen - they have
Usted tiene - you haveUstedes tienen - you all have

You can create sentences by starting with the subject and then the matching verb form. If you observe carefully, some of the verb forms have a different ending depending on who is the subject, making it clear who is doing the action or who has the item. In such a case, the subject pronoun can be dropped without losing their meaning - this is the reason for the parenthesis shown.

For example, I have a car. I can say Yo tengo un carro. Since the tengo form of tener can only be used for yo, I can simply say "Tengo un carro" and still be understood that the carro is mine.


Table of Contents

1. Getting to Know You

    » What is your name? (1)

    » What is your name? (2)

    » What is your nationality?

    » Where are you from?

    » Where do you live?

    » What is your address?

    » What do you do?

    » How old are you?

    » Are you married?

2. Describing People and Places


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